Early Warning, Early Action: An Evaluation, 200805/11/2009 - by IFRC
In 2008, the West/Central Africa Zone (WCAZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) for the first time ever initiated an emergency appeal based on a seasonal climate forecast. Seasonal forecasts were being monitored more closely by the Zone in light of concerns about increasing risk of intense rainfall events related to global climate change. In May 2008, the seasonal forecast anticipated above-normal rainfall for the upcoming rainy season, implying above-normal flood risk. Having been caught off-guard by devastating floods in 2007, the WCAZ decided to take a series of actions to improve flood management and response in preparation for the 2008 rainy season. These actions included pre-positioning relief items, improving disaster response capacity through trainings, development of flood contingency plans, and launching of pre-emergency funding requests for preparedness activities and response.
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