Why climate matters for people affected by conflict

“Conflicts cause deaths and injuries. They also disrupt the social, political and economic organization of societies, aggravate disparities and erode development. In protracted conflicts, the persistence of such disruption often leaves indelible marks on people and societies,” the ICRC says.

“Climate risks and environmental degradation only make matters worse. The convergence of climate risks and conflict further worsens food and economic insecurity and health disparities, limits access to essential services, while weakening the capacity of governments, institutions and societies to provide support.”

The Climate Centre is advancing practice, policy and research on the intersection of climate and conflict, by supporting the ICRC to integrate climate risk into its operations globally, including capacity building, a dedicated help desk, research and policy.  

We are also advancing research on the compound risks of climate, conflict, violence and displacement, and supporting the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement on policy on climate action in the context of conflict and violence.   

For more information, contact Catalina Jaime (

Climate and conflict country fact-sheets

Climate and conflict country fact-sheets

This series of fact sheets on climate for countries affected by armed conflict, presents key information about current climate in each country.

The fact sheets include projections, policy and climate-related impacts across sectors such as water and habitat, economy, security, protection, health and policy. They have been supported by the ICRC.

Read more

Current projects

*Integration of climate risk into ICRC operations
*Disaster risk reduction in fragile, conflict and violent contexts
*CGIAR initiative on fragility, conflict and migration
*Adaptation to tropical cyclones in the context of displacement (CLARE-REPRESA, Cabo Delgado, Mozambique) (photo below)
*HumanitarianStreetMap partnership.

Anticipatory action practitioners

As part of the Anticipation Hub, a group of practitioners focused on anticipatory action in conflict brings together researchers, specialists and other humanitarians to understand how anticipatory action could be designed and implemented effectively in situations of conflict to reach the most vulnerable population.

Building on a working paper jointly authored by the Climate Centre, the group has identified two discussion tracks: interventions based on forecasts of hydrometeorological hazards and on forecasts of the humanitarian consequences of ongoing conflict.


Screening programmes for climate risk

Our screening process for operations identifies climate risks, and gaps, as well as opportunities for climate action at operational and institutional level, through collaboration between the ICRC and the Climate Centre.

So far 35 delegations have participated – the largest baseline operational analysis of its kind by a humanitarian organization; 25 delegations have now developed climate action plans, including a road map of priority measures.

Sudan (2022)
Screening programmes for climate risk
Virtual workshop

Anticipatory action in conflict settings

Implementing anticipatory action for climate-related impacts against the backdrop violence and conflict poses specific challenges, and there is a need to provide information on developing best practice and existing lessons learned in the real world.

An online workshop in January 2023 facilitated by the Climate Centre explored the limitations and opportunities of anticipatory action in this context. A overview of the issue was provided by the Climate Centre’s Catalina Jaime; it also included as presenters OCHA’s Seth Caldwell, Kim Kristensen from the FAO, and the Climate Centre’s Evan Easton-Calabria.

The ICRC view