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Working papers

Companies and climate resilience: Mobilizing the power of the private sector to address climate risks

Companies and climate resilience: Mobilizing the power of the private sector to address climate risks
19 August 2019

This paper explains these linkages and the opportunities of collaborating with the private sector. 

Resilience, social protection and integrated risk management

Resilience, social protection and integrated risk management
18 June 2018

This briefing note explains how social protection programmes that benefit individuals and households can complement community-based integrated risk manamagent approaches. 

Dialogue for decision-making: Unpacking the City Learning Lab approach

Dialogue for decision-making: Unpacking the City Learning Lab approach
23 December 2016

This paper presents the City Learning Lab approach for inclusive decision-making at a city level. This paper was developed by partners in the Future Resilience for African Cities and Land (FRACTAL) project, a F[..]

Managing the risk of extreme events in a changing climate: Trends and oppotunities in the disaster-related funding landscape

Managing the risk of extreme events in a changing climate: Trends and oppotunities in the disaster-related funding landscape
27 July 2015

Policy-makers must determine how best to invest disaster-related funds, given an understanding of global distribution  of climate effects. This paper focuses on international and development-related funding mechanism[..]

Loss and damage in a changing climate: Games for learning and dialogue that link HFA and UNFCCC

Loss and damage in a changing climate: Games for learning and dialogue that link HFA and UNFCCC
18 July 2015

This paper examines the role of games in improving communication and spurring learning, and improving decision-making capacity about climate risk management amongst diverse stakeholers. Among other aspects, it discusses c[..]

Minimum standards for local climate-smart disaster risk reduction: Informing the development of the post-2015 HFA

Minimum standards for local climate-smart disaster risk reduction: Informing the development of the post-2015 HFA

This paper presents the Minimum Standards for local climate-smart disaster risk reduction and details how they can help action on climate change post-2015. It provides an overview of the standards and their rele[..]

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Introducing humanitarians and environmentalists to decision-science insights and applications

Introducing humanitarians and environmentalists to decision-science insights and applications
2 March 2015

An increasing number of scientific disciplines focus on understanding how and why people make decisions and behave the way they do – issues of great significance to humanitarian and environmental organizations workin[..]

Gender and climate change

Gender and climate change
27 July 2014

This guidance note outlines how climate change can impact men and women differently and identifies important ways in which gender roles can strengthen men’s and women’s capacity to adapt to changing climate-related [..]

Turning climate science into animations: A lesson in teamwork from the Pacific

Turning climate science into animations: A lesson in teamwork from the Pacific
18 July 2014

Two humorous animation films by an alliance of agencies in the Pacific link climate science with decision-making and preparedness. The Pacific Adventures of the Climate Crab gives an overview of climate processe[..]

Ready! Lessons in the design of humanitarian games

Ready! Lessons in the design of humanitarian games
21 February 2014

This detailed look at best practice for using games in disaster risk reduction, using the example of Ready! in Namibia, documents what’s been learned by humanitarian organizations, designers, and practitioners i[..]

Beyond the film: Innovations in the participatory use of film at international conferences on climate

Beyond the film: Innovations in the participatory use of film at international conferences on climate
14 June 2013

How can film assist communication between stakeholders? This working paper argues for a “diversity of problem-solving approaches” as climate change unfolds. Film, a powerful medium, can kindle emotions and evoke changes of mi[..]

Can games help people manage the climate risks they face?

Can games help people manage the climate risks they face?
6 November 2012

Games with an underlying serious purpose can speed up learning, dialogue and action on climate risks, engaging people’s minds and emotions, in sharp contrast to unidirectional learning through traditional lectures and PowerPo[..]

Country Climate Factsheets

Country Factsheet: Iran

Country Factsheet: Iran
30 July 2021

Country Factsheet: Iraq

Country Factsheet: Iraq

Region: Asia Pacific

Region: Asia Pacific

Region: Central Asia

Region: Central Asia

Region: Eurasia

Region: Eurasia

Region: Middle East

Region: Middle East

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Region: The Americas

Region: The Americas

Country Factsheet: Syria

Country Factsheet: Syria

Country Factsheet: Ukraine

Country Factsheet: Ukraine

Country Factsheet: Colombia

Country Factsheet: Colombia

Country Factsheet: Chad

Country Factsheet: Chad

Country Factsheet: Central African Republic

Country Factsheet: Central African Republic

Country Factsheet: Burkina Faso

Country Factsheet: Burkina Faso

Country Factsheet: Sudan

Country Factsheet: Sudan

Climate Factsheet: Somalia

Climate Factsheet: Somalia

Climate Factsheet: Niger

Climate Factsheet: Niger

Country Factsheet: Myanmar

Country Factsheet: Myanmar

Country Factsheet: Mali

Country Factsheet: Mali

Country Factsheet: Lebanon

Country Factsheet: Lebanon

Climate Factsheet: Bangladesh

Climate Factsheet: Bangladesh

Climate Factsheet: Egypt

Climate Factsheet: Egypt

Climate Factsheet: Yemen

Climate Factsheet: Yemen

Climate Factsheet: Armenia and Azerbaijan

Climate Factsheet: Armenia and Azerbaijan

Climate Factsheet: Israel & ILOT

Climate Factsheet: Israel & ILOT

Country Factsheet: Kenya

Country Factsheet: Kenya

Climate Factsheet: Jordan

Climate Factsheet: Jordan

Analysis

 Reducing the Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Impacts of Climate Change

 Reducing the Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Impacts of Climate Change
28 February 2021

Setting the scene on health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) response in a changing climate

Resilience solutions: exploring social protection linkages to forecast-based financing

Resilience solutions: exploring social protection linkages to forecast-based financing
8 January 2018

  This brief explores how social protection can support climate-risk management and resilience by addressing shocks before they happen, including by contributing to the resilience framework proposed in the BRACED prog[..]

Preparing for the 2015–2016 El Niño

Preparing for the 2015–2016 El Niño
5 November 2017

The Climate Centre study of humanitarian perparedness for the 2015-2016 El Niño in Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Somalia and Zambia finds that messaging and forecast were timely and credible. 

Small and simple actions to address climate change

Small and simple actions to address climate change
1 April 2016

This publication sets out several simple strategies that can help to manage the unavoidable impacts of climate change (adaptation) and curb its long-term effects by reducing greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation). Tho[..]

Climate Change – an introduction for staff and volunteers

Climate Change – an introduction for staff and volunteers
23 January 2016

The course provides an introduction to climate change and aims to help staff and volunteers understand how they can contribute to addressing related issues in their day to day work within local communities.

Climate change and the Red Cross and Red Crescent

Climate change and the Red Cross and Red Crescent
1 November 2015

The Red Cross Red Crescent recognizes that climate change is a ‘threat multiplier’ in the 21st century and fighting it is a long-term effort. Governments must educate and raise the awareness of their people, who need to k[..]

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Forecast-based action

Forecast-based action
12 August 2015

This report was produced in collaboration with Reading University and with support from the UK Department for International Development. It covers research priorities for forecast-based financing as part of the university[..]

Red Cross Red Crescent reference centres

Red Cross Red Crescent reference centres
12 May 2015

This IFRC publication provides a new overview of Red Cross Red Crescent reference centres, of which the Climate Centre is one, working to build the capacity of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Workin[..]

Linking seasonal forecasts with disaster preparedness in the Pacific

Linking seasonal forecasts with disaster preparedness in the Pacific

The Australian Bureau of Meteorology and the IFRC have developed a new ‘Seasonal Rainfall Watch’ to encourage Red Cross disater managers to use seasonal forecasts for preparedness in the Pacific, to help them [..]

Environment and climate change: The impact of climate change on human mobility

Environment and climate change: The impact of climate change on human mobility
18 October 2014

The climate is a key determinant of where people live and climate change can lead to population movements, including migration and displacement. This can occur when extreme weather events make areas temporarily uninhabita[..]

Accessing climate finance: an overview

Accessing climate finance: an overview
23 August 2013

This guide to how to access dedicated sources of donor funding for climate change work is one of a suite of guidance documents on climate for National Societies published by the IFRC in 2013. 

A guide to mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

A guide to mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

This guide to mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in operational planning is one of a suite of guidance documents on climate for National Societies published by the IFRC in 2013. 

How to engage with National Adaptation Plans: Guidance for National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

How to engage with National Adaptation Plans: Guidance for National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
18 August 2013

This guide supports National Societies’ engagement in national-level policy discussions on climate change adaptation through the development of NAPs worldwide. It is one of a suite of guidance documents on clima[..]

IFRC Plan of Action, Climate Change 2013–2016

IFRC Plan of Action, Climate Change 2013–2016

The IFRC’s 2013–16 Plan of Action reiterates the organization’s commitment “to work together with its members to raise the ambition and contribution of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in addressing climate c[..]

Public awareness and public education for disaster risk reduction: key messages

Public awareness and public education for disaster risk reduction: key messages
22 January 2013

Harmonized messaging is a key goal in disaster reduction awareness, and is particularly important when it comes to scaling-up efforts to create a culture of safety. To promote consistent actions to the public, we need key[..]

Community early warning systems: guiding principles

Community early warning systems: guiding principles

Early warning is one of many important tools that contribute to the prevention of disasters and preparedness for hazards and threats. It greatly enhances disaster risk reduction. A well-prepared National Society will unde[..]

Public awareness and public education for disaster risk reduction: a guide

Public awareness and public education for disaster risk reduction: a guide
1 July 2011

  This guide is designed to help National Societies to plan and develop public awareness and public education efforts for disaster risk reduction. 

Climate change: Take action now!

Climate change: Take action now!
1 May 2011

A guide to supporting the local actions of children and young people, with special emphasis on girls and young women. 

Early warning early action: An evaluation of IFRC West and Central Africa Zone flood preparedness and response 2008

Early warning early action: An evaluation of IFRC West and Central Africa Zone flood preparedness and response 2008
1 June 2009

The report was researched and written by Lisette Braman, Technical Advisor with the Red Cross Red Crescent (RC/RC) Climate Centre.

Books

A Guide to Effective Collaboration and Learning in Consortia

A Guide to Effective Collaboration and Learning in Consortia
23 September 2019

This guide shares examples and lessons from a range of consortia working in adaptation and resilience, and includes pointers for researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders. 

The Climate Guide

The Climate Guide
1 November 2007

The Climate Guide details five years experience from staff and volunteers working in more than 30 Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies to address climate impacts. It begins with the basics: the scientific consensus ab[..]

Case studies

Policy brief – Anticipatory Action. The Case for stepping up FbF in Zambia

Policy brief – Anticipatory Action. The Case for stepping up FbF in Zambia
22 July 2021

This policy brief was developed by the project partners of the Response Preparedness programme in Zambia.

Learning from FbF in Zambia

Learning from FbF in Zambia

A case study in building anticipatory action in Zambia. The case study is produced by the Response Preparedness II programme.

Maputo: National adaption planning and cities

Maputo: National adaption planning and cities
20 May 2020

The Climate Centre working with partners under FRACTAL has led the process of having cities engaged in National Adaptation Planning processes.

Opportunities and barriers to the access and use of climate information for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda and Kenya

Opportunities and barriers to the access and use of climate information for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda and Kenya
11 September 2019

This report highlights the outcomes of a study to assess the opportunities and barriers to the access and use of climate information for urban small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Uganda and Kenya.

Understanding the need for climate adaptation of small and medium enterprises in Kenya and Uganda

Understanding the need for climate adaptation of small and medium enterprises in Kenya and Uganda
23 January 2019

A summary of a 2018 study in eight urban areas of Kenya and Uganda on the climate information needs of small and medium enterprises. 

A journey for a thousand smiles: Stories of resilient people

A journey for a thousand smiles: Stories of resilient people
5 July 2018

A selection of ten compelling case studies from Partners for Resilience in Indonesia.

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A step towards resilience: Joint initiatives addressing protracted crisis in Ethiopia’s Somali Region

A step towards resilience: Joint initiatives addressing protracted crisis in Ethiopia’s Somali Region
16 February 2018

The three-and-half-year Protracted Crisis Programme for Ethiopia’s Somali Region reached nearly 38,500 people with food security initiatives – more than a third of them women.

A step towards resilience: Joint initiatives addressing protracted crisis in Ethiopia’s Somali Region

A step towards resilience: Joint initiatives addressing protracted crisis in Ethiopia’s Somali Region

The three-and-half-year Protracted Crisis Programme for Ethiopia’s Somali Region reached nearly 38,500 people with food security initiatives – more than a third of them women.

Climate change tripled the odds of the record-shattering rainfall from Hurricane Harvey

Climate change tripled the odds of the record-shattering rainfall from Hurricane Harvey
13 December 2017

New World Weather Attribution study of Hurricane Harvey shows associated extreme rainfall roughly three times more likely and 15 per cent more intense. 

Forecast-based financing: case studies from Togo and Uganda

Forecast-based financing: case studies from Togo and Uganda
20 November 2017

Forecast-based financing has been piloted in many countries with support from the German government through the German Red Cross. This publication tells you about the pilots in Togo and Uganda. 

The added value of Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies in the development of National Adaptation Plans

The added value of Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies in the development of National Adaptation Plans
27 February 2017

Representatives from the National Societies of Armenia, Georgia, Kenya, Malawi and Nepal gathered in Marrakech alongside the UN COP 22 to share experience and generate case studies showing their involvement with their cou[..]

Resilience building through indigenous knowledge and scientific information

Resilience building through indigenous knowledge and scientific information
8 April 2016

A case study from PfR Philippines that shows that traditional knowledge and practices reinforced with scientific data are effective approaches in engaging with communities on how they can addressing their vulnerabili[..]

Integrated risk management and the Philippine Red Cross

Integrated risk management and the Philippine Red Cross

A case study from PfR Philippines. The Philippine RC has deepened its understanding on empowering communities.This has entailed building the capacity of PRC not only to respond and prepare for disasters but also to better[..]

Building resilient communities by strengthening livelihoods and giving people more options

Building resilient communities by strengthening livelihoods and giving people more options

A case study from PfR Indonesia.  PfR’s interventions have focused on helping farmers improve their livelihood options.

Health risk management in a changing climate

Health risk management in a changing climate
10 June 2013

A unique Red Cross Red Crescent project, funded by the US Rockefeller Foundation, has explored ways of integrating climate with health programming in Indonesia, Kenya, Tanzania and Vietnam.

Integrating climate with vulnerability and capacity assessment in Vanuatu

Integrating climate with vulnerability and capacity assessment in Vanuatu
30 May 2013

 “Together we’re prepared for climate change” is a participatory project funded by the Australian government, supporting increased community resilience in the face of climate variability and change in Vanuatu in a c[..]

Understanding ocean acidification and what we can do about it

Understanding ocean acidification and what we can do about it
12 December 2012

Carbon dioxide does not just stay in the atmosphere and warm the planet. About one third of the carbon dioxide produced through human activities since the Industrial Revolution has been absorbed by the world’s oceans, wh[..]

Changing tools in a changing climate: experiences from the Philippines

Changing tools in a changing climate: experiences from the Philippines
26 October 2012

The five Netherlands Partners for Resilience agencies are working to adapt traditional participatory tools for community risk assessment to a changing climate. These assessments play a key role in understanding vulnerability,[..]

Hope in a harsh landscape

Hope in a harsh landscape
24 April 2012

In 2011 and 2012, the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) was intensifying its drive to find ways to reinforce the climate-resilience of food supplies in the aftermath of the latest drought that left an estimated 4 million Ken[..]

Integrating climate change into Red Cross Red Crescent programmes: From global commitments to local action

Integrating climate change into Red Cross Red Crescent programmes: From global commitments to local action
25 November 2011

The 2006–11 Preparedness for Climate Change Programme, initiated by the Climate Centre and implemented with the IFRC, assisted 64 National Societies as they took first steps toward addressing the humanitarian consequence[..]

Preparing for climate change: PfCC 2006–11

Preparing for climate change: PfCC 2006–11
1 June 2011

The second phase of the Climate Centre’s programme to help National Societies address the humanitarian impacts of climate change and variability concluded in June 2011, with disaster managers worldwide reporting climate-relat[..]

Spotlight on China: The convergence of DRR and CCA in practice

Spotlight on China: The convergence of DRR and CCA in practice
21 December 2010

On 27-28 July 2010, representatives from the Red Cross Red Crescent and the Chinese government met, for the first time, as a group. What was unusual about this meeting was the convergence of government departments including t[..]

Annual report

Annual Report 2019

Annual Report 2019
1 February 2020

The Year of AmbitionFind our multimedia report here.

Annual Report 2018

Annual Report 2018
1 February 2019

A year of progress for forecast-based financingFind our multimedia report here.

Annual Report 2017

Annual Report 2017
1 February 2018

Another year of extremesFind our multimedia report here

Annual Report 2016

Annual Report 2016
14 May 2017

Addressing climate risk in a year of hunger Find our multimedia report here

Annual Report 2015, Building resilience during a year of firsts

Annual Report 2015, Building resilience during a year of firsts
14 May 2016

Annual Report 2014, Linking science, policy and practice for community resilience

Annual Report 2014, Linking science, policy and practice for community resilience
14 May 2015

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Annual Report 2013, Innovation, participation and learning in climate risk management

Annual Report 2013, Innovation, participation and learning in climate risk   management
14 May 2014

Annual Report 2012, Towards climate-smart resilience: a year of engagement

Annual Report 2012, Towards climate-smart resilience: a year of engagement
14 May 2013

Annual Report 2011, Reinforcing resilience: climate-smart disaster risk reduction in the Red Cross Red Crescent

Annual Report 2011, Reinforcing resilience: climate-smart disaster risk reduction in the Red Cross Red Crescent
14 May 2012

Annual Report 2010, Building capacity for climate risk management

Annual Report 2010, Building capacity for climate risk management
14 May 2011

Annual Report 2009, Climate change in 2009: local actions and global politics

Annual Report 2009, Climate change in 2009: local actions and global politics
14 May 2010

Annual Report 2008, Climate change and disaster risk management

Annual Report 2008, Climate change and disaster risk management
1 April 2009

Annual Report 2007, Red Cross Red Crescent disaster risk reduction and climate change

Annual Report 2007, Red Cross Red Crescent disaster risk reduction and climate change
1 May 2008

Annual Report 2006

Annual Report 2006
1 March 2007

Addressing the humanitarian consequences of climate change

Annual Report 2005, Preparing for climate change

Annual Report 2005, Preparing for climate change
30 June 2006

General publications

Expert workshop report: responding to climate impacts

Expert workshop report: responding to climate impacts
22 February 2021

On Monday 22 February 2021, the Climate Centre convened a workshop on responding to climate impacts with over 45 participants from developing and developed countries. The outcomes from that workshop are summarized in this rep[..]

Climate-related extreme weather events and Covid-19

Climate-related extreme weather events and Covid-19
1 September 2020

A first look at the number of people affected by intersecting disasters.

What is climate-smart programming?

1 March 2020

The humanitarian system is under pressure from climate impacts that are aggravating existing vulnerabilities such as poverty, conflict and displacement, requiring a long view from humanitarian organizations and donors.Deep co[..]

Key messages from Partners for Resilience: World Urban Forum 2018

Key messages from Partners for Resilience: World Urban Forum 2018
7 February 2018

In this policy brief for the 9th session of the World Urban Forum in Kuala Lumpur, PfR argues that strengthening resilience in urban areas plays a significant role in minimizing risks. Strong, well-organized communities can m[..]

Top ten things to know about extreme-event attribution

Top ten things to know about extreme-event attribution
1 March 2017

Minimum standards

Minimum standards
1 November 2013

Minimum Standards for local climate‐smart disaster risk reduction